Computer Organization - Question and answer - 4

16. What is Natural language processing (NLP)
Natural language processing (NLP) is a subfield of linguistics, computer science, information engineering, and artificial intelligence concerned with the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages, in particular how to program computers to process and analyze large amounts of natural language data.

17. What is Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC) ?
Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code is an eight-bit character encoding used mainly on IBM mainframe and IBM midrange computer operating systems. It descended from the code used with punched cards and the corresponding six-bit binary-coded decimal code used with most of IBM's computer peripherals of the late 1950s and early 1960s.

18. What is Superscalar architecture ?
Superscalar architecture is a method of parallel computing used in many processors. In a superscalar computer, the central processing unit (CPU) manages multiple instruction pipelines to execute several instructions concurrently during a clock cycle.

19. What is RUN signal ?
The RUN signal is used to increment the counter by one, when RUN is 0 the counter stops running this signal is needed when WMFC is issued.

20. What is Multiple bus organization ?
Multiple bus organization is primarily used in industrial systems. In this structure, various devices that have different transfer rates can be connected. At the same time, maximum throughput is maintained.
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