Computer Organization - Question and answer - 2

6. What is echoing ?
In computing, echo is a command that outputs the strings it is being passed as arguments. It is a command available in various operating system shells and typically used in shell scripts and batch files to output status text to the screen or a computer file, or as a source part of a pipeline.

7. What is hosted virtual desktop (HVD) ?
A hosted virtual desktop (HVD) is a user interface that connects to applications and data that are stored on a cloud provider's servers rather than on the user's computer or the corporate network.The service provider is responsible for storage, backup, security and upgrades.

8. What is Scalable Processor Architecture (SPARC) ?
SPARC (Scalable Processor Architecture) is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) originally developed by Sun Microsystems and Fujitsu. Its design was strongly influenced by the experimental Berkeley RISC system developed in the early 1980s. The SPARC processor usually contains as many as 160 general purpose registers.

9. What is memory buffer register (MBR) ?
A memory buffer register (MBR) (also known as memory data register (MDR)) is the register in a computer's processor, or central processing unit, CPU, that stores the data being transferred to and from the immediate access storage. It contains the copy of designated memory locations specified by the memory address register. It acts as a buffer allowing the processor and memory units to act independently without being affected by minor differences in operation. A data item will be copied to the MBR ready for use at the next clock cycle, when it can be either used by the processor for reading or writing or stored in main memory after being written.

10. What is Assembly language (ASM) ?
Assembly language (asm) is any low-level programming language in which there is a very strong correspondence between the instructions in the language and the architecture's machine code instructions.Assembly code is converted into executable machine code by a utility program referred to as an assembler. The conversion process is referred to as assembly, as in assembling the source code.
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